Titanium Replaced Steel in Making Tubes & Pipes
Titanium is one of the most abundant elements available in the earth’s crust but unfortunately, its value was not known to the people till the time it was discovered in 1791. People couldn’t make use of this element immediately after its discovery.
Titanium replaced steel for tubing
No doubt, titanium is one of the most valuable resources of Mother Nature, and scientists tried their luck with this element the ore of which can be converted into a metallic form. Till the
time, value of titanium could be explored, steel was the most used metal in most applications of tubing and piping, though the use of steel was replaced by some other materials, but not much success was achieved with this replacement.
Titanium is more efficient compared to steel
Steel is hard and strong metal, but the major disadvantages of using steel for making tubes and pipes are heavy weight and corrosiveness. Thus, steel sometimes appears to be failure in certain applications. Titanium is more efficient metal compared to steel for making tubes and pipes because titanium tubing is light weight and corrosion resistance. These properties are just opposite to that of steel, and that’s were the industries that make and use tubes and pipes were looking for. The discovery of titanium and exploration of its valuable properties gave idea of replacement of steel with this metal.
Decades of success for titanium
Titanium, having density approximately 60% and 50% less than compared to steel and copper/nickel alloys respectively, has become the most recognized material for making tubes and pipes. This recognition was first made in 1950s for aerospace applications, especially to fabricate engine components and airframe. In next decades of 1960s and 1970s, its use became popular in heat exchangers in corrosive chemical process environments and vessels. In next two decades of 1980s and 1990s, titanium’s use became common in many non-traditional applications. Over years, titanium tubing became most popular application of this metal.